MODERN HISTORY

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Weimar Republic

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The Weimar Republic was established in 1919 to replace Germany's imperial form of government. Over 14 years, the Republic was faced with numerous problems, including hyperinflation and political extremists from both the left and right, together with their paramilitaries.

 

The government encountered hostility from the victorious nations of WWI, and had to conform to the requirments of the Treaty of Versailles. This period of liberal democracy lapsed in the early 1930s, leading to the ascent of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler in 1933.

 

DURATION: 28 Minutes   Produced by Project Studio, Rudiger Proske GmbH, Germany and Infodig Media, Australia

 

 Democratic Government - Treaty of Versailles - Kapp Putsch - Rapallo Treaty - Ruhr Invasion - Beer Hall Putsch - Locarno Treaty - Art & Culture - Great Depression - Rise of the Nazi Party

 

 JUNIOR: The shaping of the Modern World - Time, Continuity & Change

SENIOR: Modern History - 20th Century History 1900 -1945 - National History & Studies - Historical Trends & Movements

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Chapters

 

0:00  Introduction

00:46  The End of World War I   

2:52  Two Revolutions - Democratic Government and Constitution

 6:01  Treaty of Versailles

 7:37  Instability and Kapp-Putsch

9:08  Reparations

9:48  Plebiscites 

10:38  Rapallo Treaty Ruhr-Invasion and Political Instability

13:16  Beer Hall Putsch

14:27   Dawes Plan

15:51 Locarno treaty

17:35 Young Plan

18:29 Technology Art and Culture

21:09  Great Depression and Political Polarisation

23:30  The End of Democracy   Hitler becomes Chancellor

 

Conflict in Europe Part 1

The Treaty of Versailles, and the League of Nations policy of  'Collective Security', failed to deter German and Italian aggression in the 1920s and 30s. Italy invaded Abyssinia; Germany marched into the Rhineland, and later annexed Austria. British Prime Minister Chamberlain's policy of Appeasement failed, and Czechoslovakia eventualy was seized by Germany. After Hitler invaded Poland, war was declared.

 

Quickly the Germans overran Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and finally France. Hitler's plan to to invade England was thwarted during the Battle of Britain. Children in both Germany and Britain were evacuated from the cities, and the civilian population had to contend with the horror of bombing raids. Hitler turned his attention to Russia, launching Operation Barbarossa.

 

At the same time, the Italians and Germans faced British forces in North Africa. The United States entered the war following the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the German advance into Russia ground to a halt just outside Moscow.                                                                          

Duration 52 minutes

KEY LEARNING AREAS

 

 The Treaty of Versailles & The League of Nations  -  Growing Tensions 1935-1937  -  The Road To War 1938-1939  -  Appeasement  -  WAR: Poland, Holland Belgium & France  -  The Battle of Britain & The Blitz  -  Civilians At War: Evacuation & the effects of bombing in Germany and Britain  -  Operation Barbarosa  -  North Africa

SUBJECT AREAS:

 

 SENIOR :  Modern History, Society & Culture  JUNIOR :  HSIE, History, SOSE

 

 SENIOR :  Peace & Conflict, 20th Century History 1919 - 1945, War & Society, Crisis & Conflict  JUNIOR :  History, Shaping of The Modern World

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Chapters

 

0:00  Introduction

0:31  The Treaty of Versailles & The League of Nations

3:13  Growing Tensions 1935 - 1937 

9:46  The Road To War 1938-1939

15:26  Appeasement

18:23  War-  Poland - Holland - Belgium - France

26:13  The Battle of Britain & The Blitz

32:28  Civilians at War - Evacuation Britain & Germany

 38:16  Effects of Bombing Britain

 42:26  Operation Barbarossa

47:41  North Africa

Conflict in Europe Part 2

One of the war's major turning points was the Soviet victory in Stalingrad in 1943.  This was followed by Allied victory in North Africa and the subsequent invasion of Sicily and Italy.  The Russians would have another significant victory at Kursk in July 1943, and began their relentless drive through Eastern Europe. 

 

German U-boats reduced the number of supply ships reaching Britain.  Rationing of food  and clothing was introduced, with market gardens supplying additional staple foods.  In Germany and Britain, women contributed to the war effort, working in factories, on farms and by joining auxiliaries of the Navy, Army and Air Force.  Operation Overlord began on D-Day, June 6 1944. 

 

At the same time, the Soviets drove the Germans out of Russia, and reached Poland.  It was here that Soviet soldiers discovered the first of many Nazi extermination camps. The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 had formalised Nazi anti-Jewish policies, eventually leading to the Final Solution of  the Jewish 'problem'.  After the Battle of  the Bulge, Allied forces advanced  into Germany ,while the Soviets captured Berlin.  Germany  finally surrendered to the Allies on May 8 1944, VE Day.  At the Nuremberg Trials, Nazi leaders were tried for their war crimes.

 

Duration:  52 minutes

 

KEY LEARNING AREAS

The Battle of Stalingrad   -  Allied Victory in North Africa

Italy and the Battle of Kursk  -  War Rationing Germany &  Britain

  Women in the war Effort Germany & Britain

 D-Day Allied Invasion of Western Europe

  Russian Counter-Offensives 1944 -  Nazi Racial Policies

The Holocaust  -  Final Defeat of Germany

  Aftermath The Nuremberg Trails

 

SUBJECT AREAS:

SENIOR:  Modern History, Society & Culture

JUNIOR:  HSIE, History, SOSE

 

STUDY AREAS:

SENIOR:  Peace & Conflict, 20th Century History 1919-1945; War and Society, Crisis & Conflict

JUNIOR:  History, Shaping of the Modern World

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Chapters

 

1:30  The Battle of Stalingrad 

6:54  Allied Victory in North Africa

11:20  Italy and the Battle of Kursk

15:43  War Rationing Germany &  Britain

18:56  Women in the war Effort Germany & Britain

23:55  D-Day Allied Invasion of Western Europe

32:00  Russian Counter-Offensives 1944

35:18  Nazi Racial Policies - The Holocaust

43:43  Final Defeat of Germany

50:08  Aftermath - The Nuremberg Trails

 

The Cold War Part 1

The Cold war began after Europe was divided-up following World War II at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences, but ideological differences between capitalism and communism alienated former allies. The Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin Blockade created greater distrust.

 

A communist victory in China and the subsequent Korean War moved the focus of The Cold War to Asia, and with it the fear of the domino effect. Added to these conflicts were the Space and Arms Races, as the superpowers vied for supremacy. The nuclear deterrent kept them from open conflict, although each side exerted influence worldwide. When the Berlin Wall was erected in 1961, it seemed the threat of a world war would always exist.

 

Duration :  35 minutes

 

KEY LEARNING AREAS

Origins of The Cold War  -  The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan  -  Berlin Airlift 1948  -  Chinese Civil War    Korean War And Its Consequences  -  Impact of The Cold War in the USA  -  The Hungarian Uprising    The Arms Race  -  The  Space Race  -  The Berlin Wall

 

SUBJECT AREAS

SUBJECT AREAS: SENIOR  Modern History, Society & Culture  JUNIOR  History, SOSE

 

STUDY AREAS

STUDY AREAS: SENIOR  Peace & Conflict, 20th Century History 1945 - 2000, War & Society   Power & Conflict  JUNIOR  History, Shaping of The Modern World, Post World War II

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Chapters

 

0:00  Introduction

1:54  Origin of The Cold War

5:52  The Truman Doctrine & The Marshall Plan

7:45  Berlin Airlift  1948

11:56  Chinese Civil War

14:34  The Korean War and its consequences

19:49  Impact of the Cold War in the USA

 21:50  The Hungarian Uprising

24:59  The Arms Race

29:39  The Space Race

32:18  The Berlin Wall

The Cold War Part 2

For 13 days during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, the world faced the threat of a nuclear holocaust. A year later the Sino-Soviet Split reached it's lowest ebb, and the Vietnam War escalated after the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.

 

Political and military tension deminished in the late 1960s, during the period of Détente which lasted until 1979. Disarmament agreements were signed by the superpowers, but flash points threatened to destabilise any move towards a stability. The Red Army's intervention in Czechoslovakia during The Prague Spring of 1968, demonstrated that the Soviets were going to keep Eastern Europe firmly under control.

 

The Yom Kippor War of 1973 in the Middle East saw the USA and the Soviet Union again supporting opposing nations at war. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 signalled the end of Détente. Ronald Reagan was elected as the president of America in 1981, and his attitude and policies were extremely anti-Soviet.

 

However, upon forming a friendly relationship with Mikhail Gorbachev, his attitude, and US-Soviet relations improved dramatically. A change swept through Eastern Europe, and in 1989 communism collapsed. The Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991 into fifteen independent republics. The Cold War was finally over.                      

 

Duration : 38 minutes

 

KEY LEARNING  AREAS

 

The Cuban Missile Crisis  -  Sino-Soviet Split 1954-1963  -  Vietnam War  -  The Prague Spring 1968  -  Detente    Afghanistan  -  The Reagan Era  -  Gorbachev, Perestroika and Glasnost  - 1989  -  THE 1990s

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Chapters

 

0:00  Introduction

1:22  The Cuban Missile Crisis

5:49  Sino-Soviet Split 1954-1963

8:40  The Vietnam War

14:53  The Prague Spring

17:21  Detente

22:20  Afghanistan

26:36  The Reagan Era

29:24  Gorbachev Perestroika & Glasnost

31:49  1989

34:24  The 1990s

 

War in Indochina

International Study In Peace and Conflict covering the wars in Indochina from 1946 to 1979.

 

HISTORCAL BACKGROUND  French Indochina from the 1890s - Anti-French rebellions

THE EMERGANCE OF HO CHI MINH  :  Exile in France, USSR and China - Foundation of the Viet Minh - Separation of Vietnam - Bombing of Haiphong

THE FIRST INDOCHINA WAR 1946 to 1954  :  Ho Chi Minh and Bao Dai - Korean War - Dien Bien Phu - Geneva Accords

THE SECOND INDOCHINA WAR 1954-1962  :  Ngo Dinh Diem - Land and Social Reforms in the north and south - Elections cancelled in 1956 - US Military advisers - US involvement in Laos - Search & Destroy and Clear & Hold tactics - Strategic Hamlet programme

THE ASSASSINATION OF DIEM  :  Buddist protests - Diem assassination - Kennedy assassination

THE GULF OF TONKIN INCIDENT  :  Gulf of Tonkin Resolution - Rolling Thunder - Increase in military personnel

STRATEGIES & TACTICS OF THE WAR  :  US and North Vietnamese approach to war - Agent Orange - Ambushes and Booby Traps

1968 TET OFFENSIVE  :  Combined North Vietnamese and Viet Cong offensive - Khe Sahn - US Embassy occupation - My Lai

THE ANTI-WAR MOVEMENT  :  The television war - Protests in US and Australia

NIXON, VIETNAMISATION AND CAMBODIA  :  US Diplomatic relations with USSR and China - Vietnamisation - Cambodian incursion - Kent State massacre

END OF THE WAR IN VIETNAM  :  Paris Peace Accords - The fall of Saigon

POL POT AND WAR WITH VIETNAM  :  Khmer Rouge - Killing Fields - Defeat of the Khmer Rouge by Vietnam - Chinese attacks on Vietnam

 

Duration : 60 minutes

 

SUBJECT AREAS

SENIOR : Modern History - Society & Culture  JUNIOR :  History - HSIE - SOSE

 

STUDY AREAS

SENIOR :  20th Century History 1945-2000 - War & Society - Power & Conflict - Ideas & Political Change  

JUNIOR :  Time, Continuity & Change - History - Shaping of the Modern World - Post World War II

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