THE WESTERN WORLD

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Empire of the INCAS

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A Society and Civilisation of the Past

For nearly 100 years, the INCAS rules the largest empire in South American history.  The Incas had a society based on community and co-operation, with power controlled firmly by the Sapa Inca and the royal family.  They were brilliant engineers, constructing magnificent forts and cities, and built roads, tunnels and bridges through mountains.  Medical and surgical techniques were highly advanced, as were observations of the sun, moon and stars.  But, above all, their devotion to the Gods was paramount.  Invasion by Spanish Conquistadors in the early 1500s began the demise of the Incan Empire.  This programme was filmed on location in Peru, Bolivia and Chile.

 

KEY LEARNING AREAS:

The origin of the Incas - The structure of Incan society -How men and women lived  - How they were governed - Their rights and freedoms - Contact with other cultures - Religion and beliefs - Significant people and events - The cultural legacy they left behind

 

SUBJECT AREAS

SENIOR:  History - Society and Culture

JUNIOR:  History - SOSE - Australian Syllabus History: Level 8 Year 8 & NSW Stage 4

 

STUDY AREAS

SENIOR:  An ancient society of South American

JUNIOR:  Study of an ancient society

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Chapters

 

00:00  Introduction

2:28  Empire Builders

6:57  Social Structure

10:43  Inca Engineering

14:55  Everyday Life

22:14  Art & Technology

26:51  Religion

30:52  Spanish Invasion

32:59  Cultural Legacy

 

Renaissance Italy

THE RENAISSSANCE was a time of significant accomplishments in architecture, art, music , science and exploration.  It began in the Italian city-states, with Florence generally described as the cradle of the Renaissance.  Venice was a trading superpower with a large empire.  The Catholic Church and Trade Unions were influential on society.  Marriages strengthened business and family ties.  A system of social welfare was created to help the poor, especially women.  There was often conflict within the Italian city-states, with wealthy families such as the de'Medici controlling politics.

The Humanists, such a Petrarch, revived interest in the antiquity of Greece and Rome, by finding and translating many previously lost classical works.  Niccolo Machiavelli, Lucrezia Borgia and Galileo contributed to society, politics and scientific understanding.  Painting, sculptureand architecture is represented in the works of Leonardo da Vinci,  Michelangelo, Bramante and Brunelleschi.  During the fifteenth century, Renaissance culture and ideas spread throughout the rest of Europe.  King Francois l of France attracted Italian scholars and artists,  such as da Vinci, to his palace at Fontainebleau, recreating the beauty and splendour of Italy.

 

KEY LEARNING AREAS

City-States -  Venice and Florence

Society - Catholic Church, Family, Social Welfare

Politics & Conflict - Cosimo de'Medici, Italian Wars

Cultural  Achievements -   The  Humanists - Petrarch

Significant Individuals - Machiavelli, Lucrezia Borgia, Galileo

Art & Architecture - da Vinci, Michelangelo, Bramante, Brunelleschi

Spread of Renaissance Culture - Francois l, Fontainebleau, Gutenberg Printing Press

 

STUDY AREAS

Australian History Syllabus Year 8  NSW Stage 4

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Chapters

 

00:00  Introduction

1:05  The City States

4:39  Society

7:57  Politics and Conflict

10:50  Cultural Achievements

14:29  Significant Individuals

22:08  Art and Architecture

 28:02  Spread of Renaissance Culture

 

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in human history, influencing almost every aspect of daily life.  During the 18th and 19th centuries there were significant changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation and technology.  There were also profound changes to the socio-economic and cultural conditions of the times.  Beginning in Great Britain, there was a transition from a manual labour-based economy towards machine-based manufacturing. This revolution then spread throughout Europe, North America and eventually, the world.

Produced by dokumentARfilm GmbH Germany & Infodig Media Australia

 

KEY LEARNING AREAS

SENIOR:  Modern History: Societies & Change - Studies of Power

 

JUNIOR:  The Making of the Modern World (Stage 5) - Societies & Change (Level 5) - Time, Continuity & Change

Australian Syllabus History:  Level 9 Year NSW Stage  5, Making a Better World

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Chapters

 

00:00  Introduction

1:20  Demand For Textiles

3:03  From Hand Loom to Power Loom

6:36  From Water Power to Steam Engine

 8:46  Factories and Infrastructure

10:21  Living and Working Conditions